Wireless chargers use a process called electromagnetic induction to transfer energy from the charger to the device being charged. This process involves creating a magnetic field around the charger, which induces an electrical current in the device being charged.
Wireless chargers are designed to be very efficient. When the charger is connected to a power source, it converts the electrical energy into a magnetic field. When a compatible device is placed on the charger, the magnetic field induces an electrical current in the device’s receiver coil. The receiver coil converts the energy from the magnetic field back into electrical energy, which is used to charge the device’s battery.
The efficiency of a wireless charger is affected by several factors, including the distance between the charger and the device being charged, the size and quality of the receiver coil in the device, and the power output of the charger. Generally, wireless chargers are slightly less efficient than wired chargers, as some energy is lost during the process of converting electrical energy into a magnetic field and back into electrical energy.
However, the difference in efficiency is usually small, and wireless chargers offer several benefits over wired chargers, such as convenience, flexibility, and reduced wear and tear on charging ports. Overall, wireless chargers are a highly efficient and effective way to charge compatible devices.